Measure For Measure Lesson 3 Class 8 English
All of us have scissors and blade at home. Yet we go to the barber to get a haircut. Why? Discuss.
Krishna Devaraya was known for his patronage of poets and scholars. He was equally fond of fine arts.
Once he came to know about a brilliant artist named Raja Varma. He invited Raja Varma to the court and asked him to draw his portrait.
The king was very pleased with the artist when his portrait was ready. In the portrait, the majestic and handsome king seemed to have come alive within the frame.
Do you think that the king rewarded him?
Apart from this portrait, Raja Varma drew images of famous characters from Puranas, of men and women, and so on. He became well known for his skills. He became close and dear to the king.
Overwhelmed by joy, Krishna Devaraya called the artist and asked him what he wanted. When Raja Varma did not reply, the king, on the spur of a generous impulse, rewarded him with chief ministership.
Raja Varma will prove to be a very good Chief Minister." Give your comments.
Though Raja Varma was a good man and a brilliant artist, he had no experience whatsoever, of administration. Soon everything was thrown into disorder because of
his hasty decisions and bad management of state affairs. Though people were unhappy about his administration, they did not dare to complain to the king because
the king was very fond of him.
The elders of the town finally approached and sought Tenali Raman’s help in
getting rid of the new and inept Chief Minister.
Tenali Raman assured them, “I shall soon find a harmless way to remove the
artist from the chief ministership.”
After a few weeks, Tenali Raman invited the king, the queens and some courtiers
to his house for lunch. Meanwhile, he found a very good carpenter and put him on the
job of preparing a grand feast for the king.
The king and others sat for lunch and at Tenali Raman’s order, the carpenter began serving them. As soon as they put the first morsel of food in their mouths, the
people began to request water again and again.
Soon after tasting the food, the king realized that the food was badly cooked
and was unbearably hot. He was angry.
“Raman, who has cooked this food? Do you want us all to suffer and die by
eating this horrible food?”
In his usual humble way, Tenali Raman said, “I beg Your Majesty’s forgiveness.”
Then he showed the carpenter to the king. “I have never come across such an excellent
carpenter and I have put him on the job of cooking the lunch for today’s feast.”
The king began laughing loudly. “Have you lost all sense, Raman? A good
carpenter should be employed to work on wood but not on food. How did you get
this funny idea?”
Tenali Raman asked the king, “Lord! If an artist can become a Chief Minister,
can’t a carpenter become a cook?”
Did the king become angry when he heard this?
The king at once understood that Tenali Raman got a carpenter to cook the food
to make him realize his error in making Raja Varma the Chief Minister.
The king was saved from the embarrassment of removing Raja Varma from the
post because when Raja Varma came to know about the awkward incident at Raman’s
house, he immediately resigned from his post.
Later Raja Varma told Tenali Raman that he was happy to remain an artist!
brilliant =extremely good / highly intelligent
portrait= picture or sketch
majestic= royal, very grand
prominent =famous/noticeable, easily seen
impulse= sudden wish to do something
reward =an award or a prize in return for services
disorder =confusion or mess
fond =of liking somebody or something very much
morsel =a small quantity of food
horrible= unpleasant, feeling of dislike
genius =great powers of thought, skill and imagination
spur= an event that encourages action
chaos= disorder, confusion
approached= came near
sumptuous= grand, expensive
generous =readiness to give, kindness
inept= unable to do work properly, unfit, unsuitable
A. Tick the correct answer: (टीक द करेक्ट आन्सर)
1. Who was invited to draw the King’s Portrait:
(हु बॉस इन्वाइटेड टु ड्रॉ द किंग्ज पोर्ट्रेट)
(a) Tenali Raman
(c) Raja Varma
(d) Elders of the town.
2. What did the artist get as a reward:
(वॉट डिड दि आर्टिस्ट्स गेट एज अ रिवॉड )
(c) Chief ministership
(d) Kingdom. (किंगडम)
3. The artist’s administration made the people of the kingdom :
(द आर्टिस्ट्स अमिनिस्ट्रेशन मेड द पीपल ऑफ द किंगडम:)
(a) Happy (हैपि)
(c) Satisfied (सैटिस्फाइड)
(b) Unhappy (अनर्हेपि)
(d) Pleased. (प्लीज़्ड)
Ans. 1. (c), 2. (b), 3. (b).
Answer the following questions
1. Why were the people unhappy with Raja Varma’s administration?
(वाइ वर द पीपल अनहैपि विद राजा वर्माज अड्मिनिस्ट्रेशन ?)
(लोग राजा वर्मा के प्रशासन से नाखुश क्यों थे ?))
Ans. People were unhappy with Raja Varma’s ad- ministration because everything was thrown into a disorder. It so happened because of his hasty decisions and bad management of state affairs. (पीपल वर अनहैपि विद राजा वर्मा अड्मिनिस्ट्रेशन बिकॉज एवरिचिंग वॉज थ्रोन इनटु डिसऑर्डर। इट सो हैपन्ड बिकॉज ऑफ हित हेस्टि डिसिजन्स एण्ड बैड मैनेजमेंट ऑफ स्टेट अफेयर्स।)
(लोग राजा वर्मा के प्रशासन से नाखुश थे क्योंकि हर चीन अव्यवस्था का शिकार हो गयी थी। ऐसा हुआ उनके जल्दबाजी में लिये गये निर्णयों और राज्य के मामलों के बुरे प्रबंधन के कारण।)
What was Tenali Raman’s plan to remove the artist from his new job?
(वॉट वॉज़ तेनालीरमन्ज प्लॅन टु रिमूव दि आर्टिस्ट फॉम हिज्ञ न्यू जॉब ? ).
(कलाकार को उसके नये कार्य से हटाने के लिये तेनाली रमन की क्या योजना थी ?)
Ans. To remove the artist from his new job Tenali Raman made a plan. He appointed a carpenter for cooking food and organized a lunch. He invited the king, queen and some courtiers, to his house for lunch.
3. Why did Tenali Raman ask a carpenter to cook food for his feast? (वाइ डिड तेनालीरामन आस्क अ कारपेंटर टु कुक फूड फॉर हिज फीस्ट ? )
(तेनाली रामन ने एक बढ़ई को भोज के लिये खाना पकाने को क्यों कहा ? )
Ans. Tenali Raman asked a carpenter to cook food for his feast because he wanted to convince the king about the necessity of appointing people on the basis of competence. (तेनाली रामन ऑस्कूड अ कारपेंटर टु कुक फूड फॉर हिज़ फीस्ट बिकॉज हि वाँटेड टू कन्विन्स द किंग अबाउट द नेसेसिटि ऑफ अप्वाइन्टिंग पीपल ऑन द बेसिस ऑफ कांपिटेंस ।)
(तेनाली रामन ने एक बढ़ई को भोजन के लिये खाना ने पकाने को कहा क्यों कि वह राजा को यह समझाना चाहता था कि लोगों की नियुक्ति उनकी क्षमता के अनुसार करना आवश्यक है।)
What does the title ‘Measure for Measure’ mean?
(वॉट इज द टाइटल ‘मेजर फॉर मेजर’ मीन ? )
(पाठ के शीर्षक का क्या अर्थ है ?)
Ans. The title of the lesson means to make a plan to achieve an objective. (द टाइटल ऑफ द लेसन मीन्स टु मेक अ प्लान टु अचीव एन ऑब्जेक्टिव ।)
(पाठ के शीर्षक का तात्पर्य है किसी उद्देश्य को हासिल करने के लिये बनायी गयी योजना।)